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J Immunol. 1999 Jan 1;162(1):550-9.

Peripheral tolerance to class I mismatched renal allografts in miniature swine: donor antigen-activated peripheral blood lymphocytes from tolerant swine inhibit antidonor CTL reactivity.

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  • 1Transplantation Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston 02129, USA.


Studies utilizing partially inbred miniature swine have demonstrated that a short course of cyclosporin A leads to indefinite survival of two haplotype class I mismatched renal allografts. In the present study, we have examined peripheral regulatory mechanisms that may be involved in maintenance of tolerance by coculturing PBL from long-term tolerant animals with naive recipient-matched PBL in cell-mediated lympholysis assays. We show that PBL from tolerant animals, primed in vitro with donor Ag, suppress antidonor CTL reactivity by naive recipient-matched PBL. Suppression was not observed when PBL from naive animals, primed with donor-matched PBL, were cocultured with PBL from a second naive animal, nor did PBL from either tolerant or naive recipient-matched control animals, primed with third-party Ag, suppress the generation of anti-third-party CTL by a second naive animal. The suppression was cell dose-dependent, radiation-sensitive, required cell-to-cell contact not reversed by the provision of exogenous IL-2, and associated with lower levels of IL-2R expression on the suppressive effector group (particularly the CD8 single positive cells) when compared with the control effector group. These data indicate an association between the presence of peripheral regulatory cells demonstrable in vitro and the maintenance of tolerance to renal allografts.

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