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J Immunol. 1999 Jan 1;162(1):60-8.

In vitro intrathymic differentiation kinetics of human fetal liver CD34+CD38- progenitors reveals a phenotypically defined dendritic/T-NK precursor split.

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1
University of Ghent, University Hospital, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Belgium. jean.plum@rug.ac.be

Abstract

Human CD34+CD38- hematopoietic precursor cells from fetal liver are able to develop into T, NK, and dendritic cells in a hybrid human/mouse fetal thymic organ culture (FTOC). In this report, we pay particular attention to the early events in differentiation of these precursor cells. We show that the CD34+CD38- precursor cells, which are CD4-CD7-cyCD3-HLA-DR-/++ (cy, cytoplasmatic), differentiate into a CD4+ population that remained CD7-cyCD3-HLA-DR++ and a CD4- population that expressed CD7 and cyCD3. The CD4+CD7-cyCD3- cells differentiate into phenotypically and functionally mature dendritic cells, but do not differentiate into T or NK cells. The CD4-CD7+cyCD3+ population later differentiates into a CD4+CD7+cyCD3+HLA-DR- population, which has no potential to differentiate into dendritic cells but is able to differentiate into NK cells and gammadelta and alphabeta T lymphocytes. These findings support the notion that the T/NK split occurs downstream of the NK/dendritic split.

PMID:
9886370
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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