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J Korean Med Sci. 1998 Dec;13(6):587-90.

Low prevalence of activated protein C resistance and coagulation factor V Arg506 to Gln mutation among Korean patients with deep vein thrombosis.

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Department of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea.


Activated protein C (APC) is a naturally occurring anticoagulant that interacts with factor V and VIII to inhibit the clotting cascade. The prevalence of APC resistance among Korean patients with deep vein thrombosis is ill defined. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of APC resistance and factor V Leiden mutation in Korean patients with deep vein thrombosis. The presence of factor V Leiden mutation was determined in 49 patients who visited Asan Medical Center. APC ratio was performed in 33 individuals from the above 49 patients. Three patients were excluded from the analysis because their baseline aPTT was prolonged. Resistance to APC was diagnosed when the APC ratio was below 2.55. APC resistance was documented in 8 individuals, representing 27% (8/30) of the patients on whom APC resistance test was performed. The 2 patients, who showed APC resistance, were positive for lupus anticoagulant. None of the 49 patients demonstrated factor V Leiden mutation. These findings indicate that factor V Leiden mutation is rare and APC resistance is less prevalent in Korean patients with deep vein thrombosis than in Caucasians. APC resistance not caused by factor V Leiden mutation may be a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis in this population.

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