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Pneumologie. 1998 Nov;52(11):629-34.

[Bronchoscopically controlled percutaneous puncture tracheotomy].

[Article in German]

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Bereich Pneumologie und Intensivmedizin, Uniklinikum Magdeburg.


With extending duration of translaryngeal intubation the rate of lesions in the oral cavity, pharynx and trachea caused by the orotracheal tube increase. To prevent these complications ventilated patients receive early tracheostomy. PDT is an alternative procedure to the conventional, surgically performed tracheostomy. We performed 60 dilatational tracheostomies using the Ciaglia percutaneous tracheostomy set (W. Cook-Critical Care, Bjaeverskov). Complication rate was 17% due to minor bleeding (n = 7), subcutaneous emphysema (n = 2) and fracture of one tracheal cartilage ring (n = 1). This rate is equivalent to that of surgical procedure. Advantage of PDT is that it can be performed by intensive care doctors without a specific surgical background. Further follow up after removal of the tracheal cannula was uneventful. Tracheal stenosis requiring intervention are rare. The remaining scar after PDT is significantly smaller than after conventional tracheostomy.

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