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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1998 Nov;32(3):205-10.

In vitro interaction of fluconazole and amphotericin B administered sequentially against Candida albicans: effect of concentration and exposure time.

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College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


This study investigated the potential antagonism of fluconazole on amphotericin B activity against Candida albicans when administered sequentially in vitro. Yeast cells were exposed to fluconazole for time periods ranging from 0 to 24 h before the addition of amphotericin B. The combination showed fungicidal (> or = 3 log 10 reduction in CFU/mL) activity. After 4 h of exposure to fluconazole, amphotericin B activity was partially inhibited at the lower concentration tested (0.25 x MIC). Amphotericin B activity was dramatically decreased by previous exposure to fluconazole for greater than or equal to 8 h at both the high and low concentrations tested. The activity of amphotericin B against yeast exposed to fluconazole for at least 8 h was indistinguishable from fluconazole alone and was fungistatic (< or = 2 log 10 reduction in CFU/mL). This inhibition of amphotericin B activity persisted for a very short period (< 6 h) after removal of fluconazole from the culture medium, indicating the need for continued exposure to fluconazole for lasting inhibition of amphotericin B activity.

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