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FEBS Lett. 1998 Dec 18;441(2):231-4.

Constitutive internalization and association with adaptor protein-2 of the interleukin-6 signal transducer gp130.

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Institut für Biochemie der RWTH Aachen, Germany.


The transmembrane protein gp130 is the common signalling receptor subunit for the interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines. It has recently been shown that the cytoplasmic domain of gp130 contains a dileucine internalization motif and that endocytosis of gp130 occurs signal-independent. Here, we have studied whether gp130 itself undergoes constitutive internalization or whether its endocytosis is stimulated by formation of the IL-6/IL-6R/gp130 complex. Using two different assays, we found that gp130 is internalized independent from IL-6/IL-6R stimulation. In addition, we show that gp130 is constitutively associated with the cell surface adaptor complex AP-2. Our findings strongly suggest endocytosis of gp130 to be constitutive.

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