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AIDS Educ Prev. 1998 Dec;10(6):533-47.

Alcohol and AIDS-related sexual behavior among Hispanics: acculturation and gender differences.

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1
College of Social Work, San Jose State University, CA, USA.

Abstract

We examined the relationship of acculturation to alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among Hispanic men (N = 269) and women (N = 294). Data were obtained from a 1991/1992 general population survey on alcohol that included questions on sexual behavior. Guided by a conceptual/theoretical framework, we focused on gender and acculturation differences as we examined the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, perception of AIDS-related risk, drinking and AIDS-related sexual behavior. Logistic regression analyses were performed separately for men and women to evaluate the predictive strength of acculturation, demographic factors, and alcohol consumption on risky sexual behavior. Results indicated that less acculturated Hispanic men drank more heavily and were more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior than those who were more acculturated. Although acculturated Hispanic women drank more than those who were less acculturated, less acculturated Hispanic women engaged in more risky sexual behavior. The data indicate the need for culturally sensitive AIDS-prevention programs that are linked with alcohol treatment services for men and that are targeted to different acculturation levels for men and women.

PIP:

Most at risk for heterosexually transmitted HIV infection are those engaged in multiple sexual partners and those not using condoms. This follow up survey examined the relationship of acculturation to alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among Hispanic men (269) and women (294). Data was collected from a 1991-92 general population survey on alcohol that included questions on sexual behavior. Examination of the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, perception of AIDS-related risk, drinking and AIDS-related sexual behavior focused on gender and acculturation differences. Results indicated that less acculturated Hispanic men drank more heavily and were more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior than those who were more acculturated. Although acculturated Hispanic women drank more than those who were less acculturated, less acculturated Hispanic women engaged in more risky sexual behavior. This study suggests a need for culturally sensitive AIDS-prevention programs that are linked with alcohol treatment services for men and that are targeted to different acculturation levels for men and women.

PMID:
9883288
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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