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Cell Calcium. 1998 Oct;24(4):253-62.

Role of calreticulin in regulating intracellular Ca2+ storage and capacitative Ca2+ entry in HeLa cells.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.


Calreticulin is a Ca2+ binding protein located primarily in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen of non-excitable cells, where it is considered to be involved mainly in Ca2+ storage and buffering. However, there is increasing evidence to implicate the protein in other facets of Ca2+ signalling. In this study, we sought to establish more clearly the role of the protein in the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ signalling. Generating HeLa cells stably transfected with GFP-tagged calreticulin (GFPCRT) allowed to us to select cells by FACS in which calreticulin was expressed at ten times its endogenous levels. Using transiently expressed aequorin as a Ca2+ indicator in these cells, we investigated the role of calreticulin in intracellular Ca2+ storage, IP3-mediated Ca2+ release, and capacitative Ca2+ entry. The data showed that the capacity of the ionomycin-sensitive Ca2+ store was doubled in over-expressing cells, indicating that although calreticulin has a role in Ca2+ storage within the lumen, other lumenal proteins are also likely to be involved. No difference was observed in the release of Ca2+ from the IP3-sensitive store in response to prolonged single stimulation with histamine in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, but use of short, sequential pulses of histamine and ATP revealed that calreticulin may exert an effect upon IP3-mediated Ca2+ release. Two different experimental approaches indicated that calreticulin participates in the regulation of capacitative Ca2+ entry. In the presence of extracellular Ca2+, the histamine-generated cytosolic Ca2+ signal was significantly lower in GFPCRT cells than those in control cells. Induction of capacitative Ca2+ entry by complete emptying of the store using the SERCA pump inhibitor, cyclopiazonic acid also showed that the influx component was significantly reduced in the GFPCRT cells. Use of ER-targeted apoaequorin acting as a luciferase demonstrated that the resting ER free [Ca2+] in the GFPCRT cells was lower than that in control cells. These data implicate calreticulin in the control of IP3-mediated Ca2+ release and capacitative Ca2+ entry, which may involve direct interaction with Ca2+ signalling components or control of ER free [Ca2+].

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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