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J Biomech. 1998 Nov;31(11):1069-73.

A distribution-moment model of deactivation in cardiac muscle.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA. jmg@biomed.wustl.edu

Abstract

The Distribution Moment (DM) model has simulated experimental data on skeletal muscle, but it has not been used previously to study the mechanics of active contraction in cardiac muscle. In contrast to previous models of striated muscle contraction, all parameters have physical meaning and assumptions concerning biophysical events within the cell are consistent with available data. In order to simulate cardiac muscle deactivation using the DM model it was necessary to make the cross-bridge detachment rates large for large displacements from the neutral equilibrium position of a cross-bridge. To examine the effect of cooperativity on cardiac muscle contraction, we used the DM model's tight coupling scheme with binding of one or two calcium sites regulating contraction. As observed experimentally, our model predicted a reduction of isometric tension development following rapid shortening lengthening transients when contraction is regulated by either one or two calcium binding sites. The predicted deactivating effect increased if the transient was applied late in the twitch when contraction is regulated by two calcium binding sites, but not when it is regulated by one site. This is the first study in which deactivation has been simulated without making any provisions for length-dependent calcium trononin dissociation.

PMID:
9880065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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