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Neurobiol Aging. 1998 Sep-Oct;19(5):437-45.

Age-related shift in brain region activity during successful memory performance.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA. hazlett@msvax.mssm.edu

Abstract

Coregistered positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to characterize brain function in 70 volunteers, aged 20-87 years, during a verbal memory task. Frontal activity showed an age-related decline that remained significant after statistical control for sulcal atrophy. Analyses of young and old subgroups matched for memory scores revealed that young good performers activated frontal regions, whereas old good performers relied on occipital regions. Although activating different cortical regions, good performers of all ages used the same cognitive strategy semantic clustering. Age-related functional change may reflect dynamic re-allocation in a network of brain areas, not merely anatomically fixed neuronal loss or diminished capacity to perform.

PMID:
9880046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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