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J Neurol Sci. 1998 Nov 26;161(1):16-22.

P-selectin antibody reduces hemorrhage and infarct volume resulting from MCA occlusion in the rat.

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1
Henry Ford Health Sciences Center, Department of Neurology, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of an anti-P-selectin antibody (RMP-1) on ischemic cell damage and hemorrhage after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in the rat. Animals were divided into four groups: (1) antibody (Ab) 1 group (n = 14) RMP-1 (2 mg/kg) was administered to rats 1 h prior to induction of 2 h of MCA occlusion; (2) control-vehicle group Ab2 (n = 12) rats were subjected to the same experimental protocol, except that an isotype-matched control antibody was administered; (3) Abl group (n = 10) rats were subjected to 2 h of MCA occlusion and RMP-1 (2 mg/kg) was administered upon reperfusion; (4) control-vehicle group Ab2 (n = 10) rats were subjected to the same experimental protocol, except that an isotype-matched control antibody was administered. Animals were sacrificed 48 h after onset of the MCAo for histological evaluation of infarction and hemorrhage, and to quantify number of neutrophils. The lesion volume was significantly smaller only in pretreated rats (RMP-1 group, 18.7+/-3.1%) compared to the vehicle-treated (31.6+/-2.6%) group (P<0.01). Total area of hemorrhage (5.94 x 10(3)+/-2.86 x 10(3) microm2) in the pre MCAo RMP-1 treated group animals was significantly reduced (P<0.02) compared to the vehicle group (6.1 x 10(4)+/-3.42 x 10(4) microm2), respectively. Our data demonstrate that administration of the anti-P-selectin antibody before transient focal cerebral ischemia in rat brain reduces ischemic cell damage and petechial hemorrhage.

PMID:
9879676
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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