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Prev Vet Med. 1998 Dec 1;37(1-4):147-57.

Seroprevalence to bovine immunodeficiency virus and lack of association with leukocyte counts in Italian dairy cattle.

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1
Istituto di Malattie Infettive, Profilassi e Polizia Veterinaria, Facoltà di Medicina Veterinaria, Università di Parma, Via del Taglio, Parma, Italy. martelli@ipruniv.cce.unipr.it

Abstract

We report herein on the first serological detection of antibodies to bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) in Italy. According to criteria of a stratified-random sampling of dairy cattle reared in the Parma area (a province in the Po Valley, Northern Italy), sera from 3166 cows belonging to 272 herds were collected. In addition, sera of 138 bulls from eight artificial-insemination (AI) centres were sampled. Seventy-eight cows (2.5%) from 16 herds (5.8%) and seven bulls (5.1%) from two AI centres were positive for BIV-R29 antibodies in the IFA-test. IFA-positive sera assayed by Western blot had reaction to different viral proteins: 81 out of 85 sera showed antibody to p26 (considered the BIV major internal core protein); four sera reacted to other viral proteins but not to p26. Peripheral blood leukocytes of 60 seropositive and 60 seronegative animals, belonging to eight BIV-infected herds, were enumerated to assess any effect of BIV infection on white-blood cells. No significant differences were detected between the two groups. These data indicate that BIV infection is present in Italian dairy cattle--but the role of BIV in inducing disease remains unclear.

PMID:
9879588
DOI:
10.1016/s0167-5877(98)00099-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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