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C R Acad Sci III. 1998 Nov;321(11):893-9.

Long-term, high level in vivo gene expression after electric pulse-mediated gene transfer into skeletal muscle.

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UMR 1772 CNRS, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France.


Gene delivery to skeletal muscle is a promising strategy for the treatment of muscle disorders and for the local or systemic secretion of therapeutic proteins. However, current DNA delivery technologies have to be improved. We report very efficient luciferase gene transfer into muscle fibres obtained through the delivery of square-wave electric pulses of moderate field strength (100-200 V/cm) and of long duration (20 ms) to muscle previously injected with plasmid DNA. This intramuscular 'electrotransfer' method increases reporter gene expression by more than 100 times. It is noteworthy that this expression remains high and stable for at least 9 months. Moreover, intramuscular electrotransfer strongly decreases the interindividual variability usually observed after plasmid DNA injection into muscle fibres. Therefore, DNA electrotransfer in muscle possesses broad potential applications in gene therapy and for physiological, pharmacological and developmental studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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