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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 1998 Dec;28(12):740-4.

Involvement of interleukin-6 in the elevation of plasma fibrinogen levels in lung cancer patients.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Toneyama National Hospital, Osaka, Japan. yamaguct@toneyama.hosp.go.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Involvements of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and fibrinogen in cancer development have been independently studied. However, the association of these molecules in cancer patients remains uncertain. This study was conducted to clarify the association according to the clinicopathological characteristics of lung cancer patients.

METHODS:

Serum IL-6 levels assayed in 339 patients without pleural effusion were assessed according to clinical stage, histological type of the cancer and levels of fibrin (ogen) degradation products (FDP), and C-reactive protein (CRP).

RESULTS:

Elevations of serum IL-6 levels more than 4 pg/ml were found in 37.8% of all patients. According to the clinical stage and histological type, the elevations were significantly more frequent in the advanced stage (44.7%), in squamous cell (49.1%) and large cell carcinomas (63.6%). Similarly, the frequency of the elevated cases (> 400 mg/dl) and the mean value of the fibrinogen level were also higher in the advanced stage (54.2%, 455.0 mg/dl) and large cell carcinoma (54.6%, 459.3 mg/dl), respectively. The elevations of fibrinogen, FDP and CRP levels were found to be related to those of the IL-6 level.

CONCLUSION:

In lung cancer, serum IL-6 elevations are particularly frequent in the advanced stages of patients with squamous cell and large cell carcinoma, which are associated with the elevated levels of fibrinogen, suggesting a possibility that IL-6 was involved not only directly, but also indirectly, through regulating plasma fibrinogen with promotion of cancer development in vivo.

PMID:
9879291
DOI:
10.1093/jjco/28.12.740
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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