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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1999 Jan 8;63(2):262-7.

Temporal profiles of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide precursor mRNA and its receptor mRNA in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus.

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Department of Physiology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan.


Many vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) neurons are distributed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and most of them arborize throughout the nuclei. We determined temporal patterns of VIP receptor (VPAC2 receptor) mRNA in the rat SCN in constant darkness and light-dark cycles, by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry. Amounts of VIP precursor mRNA in the SCN were also quantified in adjacent sections to compare its temporal profile with that of VPAC2 receptor mRNA. In constant darkness no circadian rhythms in VIP precursor mRNA or VPAC2 receptor mRNA in the SCN were detected. In light-dark cycles VIP precursor mRNA and VPAC2 receptor mRNA in the SCN showed robust but different daily rhythms. VPAC2 receptor mRNA decreased over the course of the light period and then gradually recovered during the dark period. VIP precursor mRNA was also reduced in response to light but the reduction was transient. This difference in the nature of light responsiveness between VIP mRNA and VPAC2 receptor mRNA suggests that pre- and postsynaptic events of the VIP transduction system represent different stages of light information processing in the SCN.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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