Send to

Choose Destination
Virology. 1998 Dec 20;252(2):387-98.

The role of subtilisin-like proprotein convertases for cleavage of the measles virus fusion glycoprotein in different cell types.

Author information

Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3, Copenhagen N, 2200, Denmark.


The fusion (F) glycoprotein gene of measles virus (MV) encodes a nonfusogenic precursor protein (F0) that is activated by cleavage into the F1 and F2 subunits during transport to the cell surface. The F protein of both the Edmonston strain and a wild-type MV was found to be cleaved in the trans-Golgi cisternae and/or the trans-Golgi network (TGN). In HEp-2 cells, B lymphoblastoid cells, and PBMC, the cleavage process required calcium, and calcium deprivation prevented syncytium formation. The calcium dependence indicated the involvement of the pro-protein convertase (PC) endoprotease family. The expression of the presently recognized members of the PC family in human cell types known to be infected during measles was examined by RT-PCR. Among the PCs residing in the TGN, only furin was expressed in all cells. Soluble secreted human furin produced by a recombinant baculovirus cleaved MV F0 into proteins the exact size of F1 and F2 and increased the titer of MV particles released from calcium-deprived or endoprotease defective infected cells. These results strongly indicate that furin is the most important and maybe the only endoprotease involved in activation of the MV F protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center