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Biol Trace Elem Res. 1998 Oct;65(1):1-6.

Zinc deficiency aggravates tubulointerstitial nephropathy caused by ureteral obstruction.

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Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical School, Japan.


Ureteral ligation causes tubulointerstitial nephropathy characterized by the tubular dilatation, the interstitial expansion, and a leukocyte infiltration into the tubulointerstitium. The present study was designed to explore whether zinc (Zn) deficiency affects the development of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced tubulointerstitial nephropathy. Compared to rats fed a standard diet, rats fed a Zn-deficient diet exhibited a greater influx of leukocytes into the tubulointerstitium of the cortex of the obstructed kidney 3 d following UUO. Furthermore, rats fed a Zn-deficient diet showed a slight invasion of leukocytes into the tubulointerstitium of the cortex of the contralateral nonobstructed kidney (CLK), although there was no infiltration of leukocytes into the CLK of rats fed a standard diet. These histological changes, however, were ameliorated by administration of enalapril, an angiotensin (ANG) I-converting enzyme inhibitor. Thus, it is suggested that Zn deficiency aggravates UUO-induced tubulointerstitial nephropathy via an increase in the action of ANG II.

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