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Cell Mol Neurobiol. 1998 Dec;18(6):581-98.

Usual and unusual methods for detection of lipid peroxides as indicators of tissue injury in cerebral ischemia: what is appropriate and useful?

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Cerebral Vascular Disease Research Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Florida 33101, USA.


1. Free radical-dependent lipid peroxidation processes have long been thought to contribute to brain damage following stroke or cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. 2. The preponderance of evidence for this belief has been derived indirectly, through diminution of tissue injury indices (e.g., brain infarct volume) facilitated by application of free radical scavenger substances. 3. Direct, unequivocal evidence for lipid peroxidation in terms of classical assays (detection of conjugated diene absorbance or thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) is considerably less common, and its validity can be questioned. 4. Correlations of treatment-induced diminishment of brain injury indices with reductions in lipid peroxidation level are rarer still. 5. Reasons underlying the disparity between the belief that lipid peroxidation contributes to ischemic brain injury and direct evidence for this contribution (at least acutely) are proposed, along with evidence that new methods are being developed which should provide the basis for obtaining a definitive answer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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