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Neurosci Lett. 1998 Dec 18;258(2):109-12.

Evidence for a neurotransmitter role of glutamate in guinea pig myenteric plexus neurons.

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Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Graz, Austria.


Longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus strips of the guinea pig ileum were used to investigate a possible transmitter role of glutamate (Glu) in the enteric nervous system. Glu was released from this nerve muscle preparation by high K(+)-depolarization in a Ca2(+)-dependent manner, by electrical field stimulation and by the ganglionic stimulant dimethylphenylpiperazinium which indicates its neural origin. Contractions of the longitudinal muscle evoked by electrical stimulation of the myenteric nerves or by Glu, were significantly reduced by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor antagonist FR115427 (9 and 18 microM), whereas contractions induced by histamine were unaffected. The results show that the amino acid Glu is likely to play an excitatory neurotransmitter role via NMDA receptors in the myenteric plexus of the guinea pig.

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