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Virology. 1998 Dec 5;252(1):1-8.

Subgenomic RNA promoters dictate the mode of recognition by bromoviral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases.

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Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405, USA.


Both the brome mosaic virus (BMV) and cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRps) were found to recognize the BMV core subgenomic promoter in the same manner, requiring specific functional groups at positions -17, -14, -13, and -11 relative to the subgenomic initiation site (+1). For CCMV subgenomic RNA synthesis, both RdRps required the same nucleotides and four additional nucleotides at positions -20, -16, -15, and -10. The -20 nucleotide is partially responsible for the differential mode of recognition of the two promoters. These data provide evidence that the RNA can induce RdRps to alter the mode of promoter recognition.

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