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Exp Neurol. 1998 Nov;154(1):185-92.

Quenching revisited: low level direct current inhibits amygdala-kindled seizures.

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Biological Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


We have reported that low frequency stimulation (1 Hz for 15 min), applied after kindling stimulation of the amygdala, inhibited the development and expression of amygdala-kindled seizures, an effect we termed quenching. Subsequently, we discovered that this effect could only be achieved when certain stimulators were used that also emitted a low-level direct current (DC). The studies reported here indicate that DC, applied once daily for 15 min at intensities of 5-15 microA, produced an intensity-related attenuation of kindling development and an increase in the afterdischarge threshold. This effect persisted in some animals for at least 1 month after discontinuation of the DC. In fully kindled animals, a robust increase in seizure threshold and persistent seizure inhibition were also observed using 10 microA of DC administered for 14 days. These results clarify and extend our original findings of a quenching effect; however, the mechanisms by which low level DC induces quenching require further elucidation.

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