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J Consult Clin Psychol. 1998 Dec;66(6):1023-9.

Mild closed-head injury in children and adolescents: behavior problems and academic outcomes.

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Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine, USA.


The issue of whether mild head injuries (HIs) in children cause behavior problems and poor scholastic performance is controversial. This study included 119 children (range = 8-16 years old) with HI, 114 with other injuries, and 106 with no injury (NI). Behavioral functioning was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist; academic functioning, with school grades and standardized testing. Higher T scores were found for both injury groups versus NI participants on preinjury behavioral status. All 3 groups' behavioral scores decreased relative to baseline at 1 year. HI and NI groups did not differ in school grades or achievement testing either pre- or postinjury. These results are consistent with the conclusion that head injury of the mildest type does not increase the probability of new overt behavioral or academic problems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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