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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Jan 5;96(1):284-9.

Isolation of a cytokinin gene, ZOG1, encoding zeatin O-glucosyltransferase from Phaseolus lunatus.

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Department of Horticulture and Center for Gene Research and Biotechnology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-7304, USA.


Zeatin is the most active and ubiquitous of the naturally occurring cytokinins. The O-glucoside of zeatin, found in all plants examined, is considered to be important in cytokinin transport, storage, and protection against cytokinin oxidases. The enzyme UDPglucose:zeatin O-glucosyltransferase (EC was previously isolated from Phaseolus lunatus seeds. Immunoscreening of an expression library with monospecific antibody resulted in the isolation of a cDNA encoding the enzyme. The recombinant protein efficiently converts labeled zeatin to O-glucosylzeatin and has properties similar to the native enzyme. The cDNA of 1.5 kb contains an ORF encoding a 51. 4-kDa polypeptide of 459 amino acids. The sequence is unique based on a BLAST search of data bases. The genomic sequence, isolated with PCR using specific primers based on the cDNA sequence, does not contain introns. The cloning of this gene provides the tools for further study of the regulation of cytokinin metabolism and analysis of the precise role of O-glucosylzeatin in plant development.

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