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Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1999 Jan;6(1):142-5.

Expression and self-assembly of Grimsby virus: antigenic distinction from Norwalk and Mexico viruses.

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Division of Molecular Virology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


A cDNA obtained from Grimsby virus (GRV), a Norwalk-like virus, purified from a stool sample of a symptomatic adult associated with a gastroenteritis outbreak in the United Kingdom, was used to obtain the complete nucleotide sequence of the second open reading frame (ORF2). The ORF2 sequence of GRV predicts a capsid of 539 amino acids (aa) which exhibits aa identities of 96% to Lordsdale virus, 67% to Mexico virus (MXV), and 43% to Norwalk virus (NV). The GRV capsid protein was expressed in insects cells by using a recombinant baculovirus, and the resulting virus-like particles (VLPs) possessed a protein with an apparent molecular weight of 58,000. Hyperimmune antisera raised against purified GRV, MXV, and NV VLPs were tested in an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) against GRV, NV, and MXV VLPs, revealing that GRV is antigenically distinct from both NV and MXV. The antigenic specificity of the GRV-hyperimmune antiserum was confirmed in an antigen capture ELISA using GRV-, NV-, or MXV-containing fecal specimens. The expression of the GRV capsid protein has, for the first time, allowed the antigenic comparison of three distinct recombinant Norwalk-like viruses.

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