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Nature. 1998 Dec 17;396(6712):703-7.

Crystal structure of the ATP-binding subunit of an ABC transporter.

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E. O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, 94720, USA.


ABC transporters (also known as traffic ATPases) form a large family of proteins responsible for the translocation of a variety of compounds across membranes of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. The recently completed Escherichia coli genome sequence revealed that the largest family of paralogous E. coli proteins is composed of ABC transporters. Many eukaryotic proteins of medical significance belong to this family, such as the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), the P-glycoprotein (or multidrug-resistance protein) and the heterodimeric transporter associated with antigen processing (Tap1-Tap2). Here we report the crystal structure at 1.5 A resolution of HisP, the ATP-binding subunit of the histidine permease, which is an ABC transporter from Salmonella typhimurium. We correlate the details of this structure with the biochemical, genetic and biophysical properties of the wild-type and several mutant HisP proteins. The structure provides a basis for understanding properties of ABC transporters and of defective CFTR proteins.

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