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Stat Methods Med Res. 1998 Dec;7(4):371-92.

Sample size calculations in studies of test accuracy.

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  • 1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195-5196, USA.


Methods for determining sample size for studies of the accuracy of diagnostic tests are reviewed. Several accuracy indices are considered, including sensitivity and specificity, the full and partial area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, the sensitivity at a fixed false positive rate, and the likelihood ratio. Sample size formulae are presented for studies evaluating a single test and studies comparing the accuracy of tests. Four real examples illustrate the concepts involved in sample size determination. Lastly, various study design issues are discussed, such as sampling methods, choices in format for the test results, and the issue of replicated readings.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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