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Amino Acids. 1998;14(1-3):25-31.

Modulation of motor behaviour by NMDA- and cholecystokinin-antagonism.

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Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Motor behaviour relies on complex neurochemical interactions in the basal ganglia, in particular the striatum. Antagonistic influences in this region are exerted by afferent projections from, on the one hand, the ventral mesencephalon, utilizing dopamine as a transmitter, and, on the other hand, from the cerebral cortex, signalling by the excitatory amino acid glutamate. The activity in both these neuronal populations appears to be regulated by the neuropeptide cholecystokinin. This article concentrates on interactions between cholecystokinin and glutamate, summarizing some recent morphological, biochemical and behavioural findings. It is suggested that cholecystokinin, acting via the cholecystokininB receptor, potentiates the glutamatergic excitatory input to the striatum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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