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An electrophysiological study of pterygopalatine ganglion neurons in the rabbit.

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Hoshino Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Akita University College of Allied Medical Science, Nishinomiya City, Japan.


A preparation was developed to investigate the synaptic connections of the pterygopalatine ganglion (P.P.G.) neurons of the rabbit. Many neurons received synaptic inputs from more than one preganglionic fiber in the vidian nerve (preganglionic nerve) with a wide range of conduction velocities. It is assumed that P.P.G. neurons integrate synaptic inputs from the higher centers. In some neurons. nicotinic fast excitatory postsynaptic potentials (e.p.s.p.s) were evoked in response to stimulation of one posterior nasal nerve, and also an antidromic action potential occurred in response to stimulation of the other posterior nasal nerve. Fast e.p.s.p.s were recorded from a ganglion neuron in response to the cooling stimulation of the nasal mucosa. These results revealed that the ganglionic reflex are mediated through the nasal afferent fibers exists in the P.P.G. Moreover, the appearance of slow inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (slow i.p.s.p.s) and slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials (slow e.p.s.p.s) in response to repetitive stimuli of the vidian nerve may influence the synaptic transmissions of P.P.G. neurons. The P.P.G. plays a significant role as a complicated key point of signal transmissions from both the periphery and higher centers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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