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Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1998 Dec;53(12):733-6.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in pregnancy and lactation.

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Department of Psychiatry, SUNY Health Sciences Center at Syracuse, New York, USA.


Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have become the agents of first choice in the treatment of depression because of their safe side effect profile. This paper reviews the current literature on the use of SSRIs in pregnancy and lactation concerning their safety. There are human studies that only used fluoxetine in pregnancy, which established its safety. SSRIs are excreted in breast milk, and their long-term effects on the newborn are unknown at this time. The decision to use SSRIs in pregnancy should be made on a case by case basis with active involvement of the patient in the informed consent process during which the risks and benefits are discussed and documented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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