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Mol Gen Genet. 1978 Jul 4;162(3):323-8.

Influence of deficiency of the histone gene-containing 38B-40 region on X-chromosome template activity and the white gene position effect variegation in Drosophila melanogaster.


The deficiency of the 38B-40 region containing histone genes in one of the 2nd chromosomes of D. melanogaster triploid intersexes increases the template activity of X-chromosomes both in vivo and in vitro without noticeably affecting autosome activity. This deficiency in the heterozygous state inhibits the variegated position effect of the white gene in the T(1;3)Wvco translocation in diploid females and males, but not affect their rate of development. The variegation suppressor Su(var)hg-1 not only suppress the gene position effect in diploid flies, but also increases the template activity of X-chromosomes in triploid intersexes. The results are discussed with respect to the dependence of gene activity on the structure of chromosomes (density of DNP packing).

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