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Ann Surg Oncol. 1998 Dec;5(8):699-705.

Prognostic value of cell proliferation (Ki-67 antigen) and nuclear DNA content in clinically resectable, distal bile duct carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of cell proliferation (Ki-67 antigen) and DNA content in patients resected for distal bile duct carcinoma (DBDC).


Formalin-fixed tumor specimens of 35 patients with resected DBDC and a long-term clinical follow-up were analyzed. MIB-1 antibody was used for Ki-67 antigen detection to determine the proportion of proliferating cells. DNA content was measured using flow cytometry.


A significant correlation was found between a low MIB-1 index (<20%) and survival (P <.05). Of the 35 tumor specimens, 34 specimens were evaluable by flow cytometry: 22 carcinomas were diploid (65%), and 12 were aneuploid (35%). The median DNA index of aneuploid tumors was 1.36 (range, 1.09 to 1.76). No correlation of DNA-ploidy with survival time was found.


In contrast to DNA-ploidy pattern, Ki-67 antigen expression showed prognostic significance in resectable DBDC. A Ki-67 positive ratio of > or =20% was associated with decreased survival time.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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