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J Biotechnol. 1998 Dec 11;66(2-3):137-46.

The conformation of purified Toxoplasma gondii SAG1 antigen, secreted from engineered Pichia pastoris, is adequate for serorecognition and cell proliferation.

Author information

1
Service de Génétique Appliquée, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Nivelles, Belgium. rbiemans@sga.ulb.ac.be

Abstract

A truncated form of SAG1, the immunodominant surface antigen of Toxoplasma gondii, has been produced in the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris. By construction, the recombinant protein lacks C-terminal residues 308-336 which, in native SAG1, encompass the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchorage site. Secretion of anchor-less SAG1 proceeded via the yeast prepro alpha-mating factor signal peptide and yielded two immunoreactive protein species having apparent molecular masses of 31.5 and 34.5 kDa, respectively, and differing only by N-glycosylation of the single Asn-X-Ser site present in the molecule. Purification of the anchor-less SAG1 was achieved by a combination of ion-exchange and size-exclusion chromatographies. N-terminal amino acid sequencing of the products indicated the presence of additional residues glutamic acid--alanine at the N-terminal end of the products. Despite incomplete processing and unnatural glycosylation, anchor-less SAG1 proteins apparently adopted a suitable conformation recognized by monoclonal and human serum-derived antibodies, specific for the native SAG1. In addition, the recombinant anchor-less SAG1 proved competent for inducing proliferation, in vitro, of mononuclear cells from seropositive individuals. Finally, properly adjuvanted anchor-less SAG1 was able to induce protection of mice against a lethal challenge with T. gondii tachyzoites.

PMID:
9866865
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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