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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1998 Oct 31;142(44):2395-9.

[A changed pattern of opportunistic infections and malignancies in HIV-seropositive patients after the introduction of intensive anti-HIV-combination therapy].

[Article in Dutch]

Author information

1
Academisch Ziekenhuis, Afd. Interne Geneeskunde, Utrecht.

Abstract

The application of potent combinations of antiretroviral drugs ('highly active antiretroviral therapy' (HAART)) makes effective therapy of HIV infection feasible. Consequently, the pattern of opportunistic infections and other secondary complications has changed. The incidence of infections and mortality due to aids has declined significantly. Further, the occurrence of other infections and syndromes, till now unknown in patients with aids, has been observed. It is thought that these are caused by HAART-induced inflammation, a phenomenon due to immune enhancement following HAART. An important issue is whether primary and secondary prophylaxis against opportunistic infections can be discontinued after improvement of the immune system: indeed, there are reports that discontinuation is safe in patients with persistent CD4+ cell counts above the critical level for that particular infection while CD4+ cell counts are monitored carefully.

PMID:
9864534
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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