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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1998 Sep 25;144(1-2):139-47.

Longitudinal study of tissue- and subunit-specific obesity-induced regulation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.

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1
INSERM U 30, Hôpital des Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

Abstract

The tissue-specific expression of the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHc) has been studied in an animal model of obesity with hyperinsulinemia, the obese (fa/fa) Zucker rat. Liver and heart were obtained from 4 and 8 week-old obese rats and age-matched lean animals, and in each tissue the following parameters were analyzed: (1) total activity of the mitochondrial PDHc; (2) abundance of the mitochondrial PDHc subunits on Western blots; and (3) abundance of the E1alpha and E1beta subunit mRNAs on Northern blots and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Regardless of age, obese rats showed an increase in liver total PDHc activity and a coordinate increase in liver E1alpha and E1beta PDHc subunit abundance. At 4 weeks, obese rats also showed an increase in liver PDH E1alpha mRNA level, but regardless of age E1beta mRNA level was unchanged. In contrast, neither total PDHc activity nor the concentration of its protein subunits were increased in heart of obese rats. Thus, obese Zucker rats display a liver-specific early increase in PDHc which results from a selective up-regulation of the E1alpha gene expression.

PMID:
9863634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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