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Mol Gen Genet. 1998 Nov;260(2-3):212-7.

Cloning and characterization of the rpoH gene of Rhodobacter capsulatus.

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Institut für Mikrobiologie und Molekularbiologie, Giessen, Germany.


By using an oligonucleotide mixture corresponding to a region highly conserved among alternative sigma factors we identified a new sigma factor gene (rpoH) from Rhodobacter capsulatus. This gene encodes a protein of 34 kDa with strong similarity to the RpoH (sigma32) factors from other bacterial species. It was not possible to inactivate the R. capsulatus rpoH gene by introducing a resistance cassette, implying that it is essential for growth. The 5' ends of the mRNAs were mapped to two sequences with similarity to an rpoH- and an rpoD-dependent promoter, respectively. The amounts of both these mRNAs increased after heat shock, but were unaffected by a decrease in oxygen tension. Western analysis using a sigma factor-specific antibody revealed the accumulation of a protein of about 34 kDa after heat shock, and an increase in the amounts of a protein with the same size after reduction of oxygen tension in R. capsulatus cultures.

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