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Biomed Environ Sci. 1998 Sep;11(3):258-63.

Antitumor activity of diallyl sulfide in two-stage mouse skin model of carcinogenesis.

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Laboratory of Environmental Carcinogenesis, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow, India.


It has been reported that diallyl sulfide (DAS), a sulfur-containing volatile compound in garlic (Allium sativum), exerts anticarcinogenic activity in various rodent tumor models. In the present study, the antitumor property of DAS was tested in Swiss albino mice in the two stage initiation-promotion mouse skin carcinogenesis. Skin cancers were initiated topically with a single subcarcinogenic dose (52 micrograms) of 7, 12-dimethyl benz (a) anthracene (DMBA). Promotion was performed by twice weekly applications of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) at a dose of 5 micrograms/animal for 32 weeks. DAS was applied topically (250 micrograms/animal) thrice weekly for 3 weeks for anti-initiating and 1 h prior to each promotion treatment for anti-promoting studies. The results showed that the treatment schedule of DAS can effectively delay the onset of tumorigenesis and reduce the cumulative number of tumors and the average number of tumors per mouse. In groups in which DAS applied prior to initiation or promotion, a significant population of the animals remained tumor-free till the termination of experiment. These findings suggest that DAS can effectively inhibit chemically induced mouse skin carcinogenesis.

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