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Anticancer Res. 1998 Sep-Oct;18(5A):3579-83.

Resistance to apoptosis and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in a human adenocarcinoma cell line HT29 CL.19A.

Author information

1
Facult├ęs de M├ędecine et de Pharmacie, Limoges, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

COX-2 expression increases the tumorigenic potential of enterocytes. Tumorigenic effect is partially linked to an inhibition of programmed cell death which is one of the most important components in maintaining intestinal epithelium integrity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We analyzed apoptosis in HT29 cl.19A cells cultured over 3 weeks, in the presence (10%) or in the absence of fetal bovine serum (FBS), by analysis of genomic DNA fragmentation after agarose gel electrophoresis, morphological measurement of apoptosis using DAPI chromatin staining, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to identify apoptotic cellular morphological changes.

RESULTS:

Regardless of the methods used, no apoptotic signs were observed for each culture condition, even if cells were cultured 3 weeks in the absence of FBS.

CONCLUSION:

Using HT29 cl.19A cells (untransfected cells), we found that intrinsic or constitutive COX-2 expression in adenocarcinoma cell line was associated with spontaneous resistance to apoptosis.

PMID:
9858942
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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