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Microbiol Immunol. 1998;42(10):715-22.

Genomic analysis of the viral population in genital secretions early after infection of simian immunodeficiency viruses in macaque monkeys.

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Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


To clarify the change in the viral population during passage from the vaginal cavity to blood circulation and vice versa, we examined the viral clones detected in cells in vaginal washes (VWCs) early after inoculation and after systemic infection with polyclonal SIV. In two intravaginally inoculated monkeys, the viral clones found in VWCs at 18 days p.i. were shown to be some of those contained in the inoculum, whereas the viral population in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was a monotype. This gradual decrease of viral clones suggested the possible existence of two barriers, one at the genital tract and the other between the genital tract and the blood. Later, at one month p.i., the viral clones in VWCs became rather restricted, whereas those in PBMCs diverged from a single clone to several clones. This suggested that different mechanisms affect the viral populations in PBMCs and VWCs. In order to examine how the viral population was affected by passage from the blood to the vaginal cavity, a monkey was intravenously inoculated and the viral clones in VWCs were analyzed at 14 days p.i., at a time of the heterogeneous population in PBMCs. The viral population in VWCs was found to be a single clone and this clone was a minor type in PBMCs, suggesting that the major clone in PBMCs was not always secreted to the vaginal cavity.

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