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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1998 Nov;18(11):953-61.

Impact of RNase L overexpression on viral and cellular growth and death.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer Biology, The Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA.

Abstract

The biologic actions of interferons (IFNs) are complex and involve multiple biochemical mechanisms, including the 2-5A system, a regulated RNA decay pathway. The 2-5A system is implicated in the antipicornavirus activity of IFN and in the control of apoptosis. To further investigate involvement of the 2-5A system in the control of viral and cellular growth and death, human RNase L cDNA was stably expressed in murine 3T3 cells from a constitutive cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. A clonal cell line, 3T3/pLZ, was isolated that overexpressed RNase L by >100-fold compared with levels of the endogenous murine RNase L. Interestingly, human RNase L levels in 3T3/pLZ cells decreased 3-fold as cells entered a confluent, growth arrest state, suggesting autoregulation. Overexpression of human RNase L greatly enhanced both the cell growth inhibitory activity of IFN and the proapoptotic activity of staurosporine. Furthermore, high levels of RNase L suppressed the replication of diverse viruses: encephalomyocarditis virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, human parainfluenza virus-3, and vaccinia virus. Additional reductions in viral growth were obtained by treating 3T3/pLZ cells with IFN (a + beta) before infections. These results directly demonstrate the anticellular and antiviral potential of the 2-5A system.

PMID:
9858317
DOI:
10.1089/jir.1998.18.953
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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