Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 1998 Dec 17;41(26):5320-33.

Design and synthesis of novel alpha1a adrenoceptor-selective dihydropyridine antagonists for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Author information

Departments of Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Pharmaceutical Operations, Synaptic Pharmaceutical Corporation, Paramus, New Jersey 07652, USA.


We report the synthesis and evaluation of novel alpha1a adrenoceptor subtype-selective antagonists. Systematic modification of the lipophilic 4,4-diphenylpiperidinyl moiety of the dihydropyridine derivatives 1 and 2 provided several highly selective and potent alpha1a antagonists. From this series, we identified the 4-(methoxycarbonyl)-4-phenylpiperidine analogue SNAP 5540 (-) [(-)-63] for further characterization. When examined in an isolated human prostate tissue assay, this compound was found to have a Ki of 2.8 nM, in agreement with the cloned human receptor binding data (Ki = 2.42 nM). Further evaluation of the compound in isolated dog prostate tissue showed a Ki of 3.6 nM and confirmed it to be a potent antagonist (Kb = 1.6 nM). In vivo, this compound effectively blocked the phenylephrine-stimulated increase in intraurethral pressure (IUP) in mongrel dogs, at doses which did not significantly affect the arterial pressure (diastolic blood pressure, DBP), with a DBP Kb/IUP Kb ratio of 16. In addition, (-)-63 also showed greater than 40 000-fold selectivity over the rat L-type calcium channel and 200-fold selectivity over several G protein-coupled receptors, including histamine and serotonin subtypes. These findings prove that alpha1a adrenoceptor-subtype selective antagonists such as (-)-63 may be developed as uroselective agents for an improved treatment of BPH over nonselective alpha1 antagonists such as prazosin and terazosin, with fewer side effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center