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J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 25;273(52):35088-94.

Hyaluronan fragments synergize with interferon-gamma to induce the C-X-C chemokines mig and interferon-inducible protein-10 in mouse macrophages.

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Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.


Hallmarks of chronic inflammation and tissue fibrosis are increased influx of activated inflammatory cells, mediator release, and increased turnover and production of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Recent evidence has suggested that fragments of the ECM component hyaluronan play a role in chronic inflammation by inducing macrophage expression of chemokines. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), an important regulator of macrophage functions, has been shown to induce the C-X-C chemokines Mig and IP-10. These chemokines affect T-cell recruitment and inhibit angiogenesis. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of hyaluronan (HA) on IFN-gamma-induced Mig and IP-10 expression in mouse macrophages. We found a marked synergy between HA and IFN-gamma on Mig and IP-10 mRNA and protein expression in mouse macrophages. This was most significant with Mig, which was not induced by HA alone. The synergy was specific for HA, was not dependent on new protein synthesis, was not mediated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha, was selective for Mig and IP-10, and occurred at the level of gene transcription. These data suggest that the ECM component HA may influence chronic inflammatory states by working in concert with IFN-gamma to alter macrophage chemokine expression.

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