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Am J Cardiol. 1998 Dec 1;82(11):1333-8.

Prognosis of "clandestine" myocardial ischemia, silent myocardial ischemia, and angina pectoris in medically treated patients.

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Servei de Cardiologia, Hospital General Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.


The aim of this study was to assess the prognosis of medically treated patients with "clandestine" myocardial ischemia (perfusion defect without angina and no ST depression > 1 mm during exercise test) compared to those with silent myocardial ischemia (ST-segment depression > 1 mm, without angina) and those with angina pectoris. One hundred twelve patients without previous myocardial infarction were included. All patients underwent a symptom-limited exercise test on a bicycle ergometer, myocardial perfusion technetium-99m-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and coronary angiography. They were classified into 3 groups (angina group, 34 patients; silent group, 20 patients; and the clandestine group, 58 patients). The mean follow-up was 3.6 years (range 6 months to 5.5 years). Patients with clandestine ischemia had a lower scintigraphic and angiographic score than patients with silent ischemia (25+/-8 vs 31+/-9 and 24+/-8 vs 29+/-7, p = 0.008, respectively), but the prognosis was similar. Only angina and severe reversible SPECT defects were predictive for cardiac events: death + myocardial infarction + revascularization. We conclude that in medically treated patients without previous myocardial infarction, angina and severe reversible SPECT defects are predictive for cardiac events only when the need for revascularization is included as a cardiac event.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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