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J Endod. 1998 Nov;24(11):763-7.

Bacterial reduction with nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation.

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Department of Orthodontics, University of North Carolina School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill 27599, USA.


The purpose of this study was to compare intracanal bacterial reduction on teeth instrumented with 0.04 tapered nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instrumentation to bacterial reduction when using a stainless-steel K-file step-back technique using sterile saline irrigation. Forty-eight patients with apical periodontitis were randomly assigned treatment type. The canals were sampled before, during, and after instrumentation. The samples were incubated anaerobically for 7 days at 37 degrees C, colony-forming unit numbers calculated, and a log transformation performed to normalize the counts. Teeth exhibiting apical periodontitis were uniformly infected, whereas vital control teeth were not. A similar and uniform reduction occurred with progressive filing, regardless of technique (p < 0.0001). There was no detectable difference in colony-forming unit count after NiTi rotary or stainless-steel hand instrumentation (p = 0.42). Neither technique could predictably render canals free of bacteria. The results of this study indicate NiTi rotary and stainless-steel hand K-file step-back instrumentation techniques were not significantly different in their ability to reduce intracanal bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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