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Mol Pharmacol. 1998 Dec;54(6):1080-7.

Mibefradil inhibition of T-type calcium channels in cerebellar purkinje neurons.

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Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


The antihypertensive agent mibefradil completely and reversibly inhibited T-type calcium channels in freshly isolated rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons. The potency of mibefradil was increased at less hyperpolarized holding potentials, and the apparent affinity was correlated with the degree of channel inactivation. At 35 degrees, the apparent dissociation constant Kapp was 1 microM at a holding voltage of -110 mV (corresponding to noninactivated channels) and 83 nM at a holding voltage of -70 mV (corresponding to 65% inactivation). The increased affinity was attributable mainly to a decreased off-rate. Mibefradil also inhibited P-type calcium channels in Purkinje neurons, but inhibition was much less potent. At a holding potential of -70 mV, the Kapp for mibefradil inhibition of P-type channels was approximately 200-fold higher than that for inhibition of T-type channels. Mibefradil should be a useful compound for distinguishing T-type channels from high voltage-activated calcium channels in neurons studied in vitro.

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