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Mol Pharmacol. 1998 Dec;54(6):962-7.

YC-1 potentiates nitric oxide- and carbon monoxide-induced cyclic GMP effects in human platelets.

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Institut für Pharmakologie, Freie Universität Berlin, D-14195 Berlin, Germany.


Nitric oxide (NO), the physiological activator of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), induces inhibitory effects on platelet activation via elevation of cGMP levels and stimulation of the cGMP-dependent protein kinase. YC-1, a benzylindazole derivative, was shown to activate sGC in intact platelets, resulting in inhibition of platelet aggregation. In a previous study, we demonstrated that YC-1 not only stimulates purified sGC but also potentiates the stimulatory action of submaximally effective NO and carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations. Here, we investigated the potentiating effect of YC-1 in intact platelets. YC-1 together with NO or CO led to complete inhibition of platelet aggregation at concentrations that were ineffective by themselves. Maximally effective 2, 2-diethyl-1-nitroso-oxyhydrazine (3 microM) and YC-1 (100 microM) concentrations each elevated the cGMP levels in intact platelets approximately 13-fold, and administration of the two drugs together resulted in enormous potentiation of cGMP formation, which greatly exceeded the effect on the purified enzyme and yielded a >1300-fold increase in cGMP levels. Similar results were obtained using CO instead of NO. Furthermore, YC-1 not only stimulated sGC but also inhibited cGMP-hydrolyzing phosphodiesterases in platelets. The enormous elevation of cGMP levels led to enhanced phosphorylation of the cGMP-dependent protein kinase substrate vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein. Thus, by the combination of two effects (i.e., potentiation of NO-induced sGC stimulation and phosphodiesterase inhibition), YC-1-like substances are potent activators of the sGC/cGMP pathways and are therefore interesting candidates to act as modulators of cGMP-mediated effects, especially within the cardiovascular system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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