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Surgery. 1998 Dec;124(6):1100-5.

Overexpression of TTF-1 and PAX-8 restores thyroglobulin gene promoter activity in ARO and WRO cell lines.

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1
Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md., USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In anticipation of developing gene therapy against thyroid carcinoma we created an expression vector using the thyroglobulin (Tg) gene promoter. The inhibition of both Tg and thyroid-specific transcription factor (TTF-1 and PAX-8) gene expression, however, has been well documented in thyroid carcinomas. We therefore examined the effects of overexpression of TTF-1 and PAX-8 on Tg gene promoter activity in the human thyroid carcinoma cell lines, ARO (anaplastic) and WRO (follicular).

METHODS:

ARO, WRO, and nonthyroid cells were transfected with an expression vector in which beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) is driven by the Tg gene promoter (beta-gal). Tg, TTF-1, and PAX-8 gene expression were also examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

RESULTS:

ARO and WRO exhibited decreased gene expression of Tg, TTF-1, and PAX-8. Transfection with TG--gal alone exhibited minimal beta-gal expression, whereas cotransfection with TTF-1 and PAX-8 resulted in markedly increased expression. There was no evidence of beta-gal expression with or without TTF-1 and PAX-8 in nonthyroid cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weak Tg gene promoter activity in ARO and WRO is associated with decreased expression of transcription factors TTF-1 and PAX-8 but can be restored with their overexpression. This model may serve as a template on which to further develop cell-specific gene therapy against thyroid carcinoma.

PMID:
9854590
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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