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J Endocrinol. 1999 Jan;160(1):97-102.

Thyroid hormone stimulates basal and interleukin (IL)-1-induced IL-6 production in human bone marrow stromal cells: a possible mediator of thyroid hormone-induced bone loss.

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Division of Endocrinology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


It is well known that excessive thyroid hormone in the body is associated with bone loss. However, the mechanism by which thyroid hormone affects bone turnover remains unclear. It has been shown that it stimulates osteoclastic bone resorption indirectly via unknown mediators secreted by osteoblasts. To determine if interleukin-6 (IL-6) or interleukin-11 (IL-11) could be the mediator(s) of thyroid hormone-induced bone loss, we studied the effects of 3,5,3'-tri-iodothyronine (T3) on basal and interleukin-1 (IL-1)-stimulated IL-6/IL-11 production in primary cultured human bone marrow stromal cells. T3 at 10(-12)-10(-8) M concentration significantly increased basal IL-6 production in a dose-dependent manner. It also had an additive effect on IL-1-stimulated IL-6 production, but failed to elicit a detectable effect on basal or IL-1-stimulated IL-11 production. Treatment with 17beta-estradiol (10(-8) M) did not affect the action of T3 on IL-6/IL-11 production. These results suggest that thyroid hormone may stimulate bone resorption by increasing basal and IL-1-induced IL-6 production from osteoblast-lineage cells, and these effects are independent of estrogen status.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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