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Hum Reprod. 1998 Nov;13(11):3049-52.

Hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) with SH U 454 (Echovist) for the assessment of tubal patency.

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Servico de Reproducao Humana do Hospital das Clinicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte-MG-Brazil.


A total of 88 Fallopian tubes from 44 patients was examined with hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy), hysterosalpingogram (HSG), and laparoscopic chromopertubation (LC) in order to assess their relative accuracy for measuring tubal patency. HyCoSy was done by transvaginal ultrasound and the contrast was SH U 454 (Echovist). The flow of multiple fractions of the contrast medium through each Fallopian tube was observed in real time in appropriate imaging planes by means of a transvaginal probe. Compared with laparoscopic results, we found a sensitivity of 85.2%, a specificity of 85.2%, a positive predictive value (PPV) of 71.9%, a negative predictive value (NPV) of 92.9% and concordance (HyCoSy/LC) of 85.2%, while the corresponding values for HSG were sensitivity = 85.2%, specificity = 83.6%, PPV = 69.7%, NPV = 92.7% and concordance (HSG/LC) of 84.1%. Compared with HSG results, HyCoSy obtained a co-positivity of 66.7%, a co-negativity of 81.8% and a concordance of 76.1%. In conclusion, HyCoSy with SH U 454 proved to be a reliable and safe modality for evaluating tubal patency; it is suitable as an outpatient diagnostic procedure to be used before more invasive procedures.

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