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Genes Dev. 1998 Dec 1;12(23):3639-43.

Transcription factor CREM coordinates the timing of hepatocyte proliferation in the regenerating liver.

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  • 1Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale-Université Louis Pasteur (CNRS-INSERM-ULP), 67404 Illkirch, Strasbourg,


The liver regenerates upon partial hepatectomy (PH) as terminally differentiated hepatocytes undergo a tremendous proliferative process. CREM gene expression is powerfully induced during liver regeneration. We show that cell proliferation is significantly reduced upon PH in CREM-/- mice. There is a reduction in DNA synthesis, in the number of mitosis and of phosphorylated histone H3-positive cells. The post-PH proliferation peak is delayed by 10 hr, indicating an altered hepatocyte cell cycle. Expression of cyclins A, B, D1, E, and cdc2, of c-fos and tyrosine aminotransferase is deregulated. CREM mutation results in delayed S-phase entry, impairing the synchronization of proliferation.

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