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Science. 1998 Dec 11;282(5396):2088-92.

Exploiting the basis of proline recognition by SH3 and WW domains: design of N-substituted inhibitors.

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1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Abstract

Src homology 3 (SH3) and WW protein interaction domains bind specific proline-rich sequences. However, instead of recognizing critical prolines on the basis of side chain shape or rigidity, these domains broadly accepted amide N-substituted residues. Proline is apparently specifically selected in vivo, despite low complementarity, because it is the only endogenous N-substituted amino acid. This discriminatory mechanism explains how these domains achieve specific but low-affinity recognition, a property that is necessary for transient signaling interactions. The mechanism can be exploited: screening a series of ligands in which key prolines were replaced by nonnatural N-substituted residues yielded a ligand that selectively bound the Grb2 SH3 domain with 100 times greater affinity.

PMID:
9851931
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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